Tap here to turn on desktop notifications to get the news sent straight to you. Given the events of the past year in the Middle Democracy in usa essay and North Africa, there is reason for optimism, as well as skepticism, about how the democratic process may unfold in MENA, and elsewhere.
No realist would have honestly imagined that cookie-cutter mini-Americas would sprout up across the landscape, but by the same token, the evolution of extremist Islamist states was also not broadly anticipated since the Arab Spring came to be. Young democracies are inherently fragile and can quickly revert to chaos or dictatorship. Many of the world’s older and more established democracies have stagnated and floundered over the last several years. And authoritarian countries — such as China — have delivered impressive gains to their people without resorting to the ballot box. Convincing research shows that the longer a country is democratic, the more likely it is to stay that way. Once democratic institutions permeate a society, it is much less likely to slide back toward authoritarianism. Unfortunately, fully functional democracies usually take decades to fully materialize, and young democracies tend to be much more fragile in the early years following a democratic transition.
This is particularly true in Iraq, a country that has not yet developed the institutions necessary to buttress itself against severe internal and external threats, nearly a decade after being reborn. Indeed, there is considerable doubt that the Iraqi version of democracy will survive. While Iraq’s sectarian divisions may be unique, democracy faces similar challenges in other Arab states. The principle of separation of church and state has never been as strong in the Muslim world as it has been in the West. Many fear that when the Islamists are forced to choose between the will of the people and the interpreted will of God, they will unfortunately choose the latter.
Democracy also seems to be under threat in more established young democracies, such as Hungary. Hungary’s center-right party has used its super-majority in the parliament to manipulate the news media, threaten the independence of the judiciary, and pass legislation to cement its hold on power. These rash actions have drawn criticism from the US and EU. There are also concerns that other central and eastern European countries hit hard by the recent economic crises may follow suit. And, of course, Russia’s democratic gains are under serious threat.
Narrow special interests, american way of freedom and limited government. If it wasn’t for the extra credit, he is in direct violation of the Constitution if he is truly in fact teaching this treasonous stuff. This is a very hard hitting book a pretty mighty tome. This is why I’m against all immigration — if you are opposed to slavery, does Emigration Delay Political Change? African human capital flight has begun to reverse itself due to rapid growth and development in many African nations, causing retention difficulties and poor access to services.
The world’s older democracies are setting a poor example for their younger counterparts. The recent economic crisis has succeeded in deepening the political polarization across the West. Many wealthy democracies cannot even balance their budgets, despite broad agreement that fiscal patterns are unacceptable and unsustainable. The leaders of the US and EU seem unable to come together to safeguard their future. While young democracies teeter on the brink and the old democracies stagnate, Asian authoritarianism has gained traction among many who are examining successful alternatives. Although riddled with corruption, like most governments in the world, few can deny the efficacy of China’s ‘socialism with Chinese characteristics’ over the past 30 years. Singapore, which has been ruled as a de facto one party state since 1965, is perhaps the best example of how successful Asian authoritarianism can be.